Symbol of Christianity(greek cross):
The Greek Cross has all fours members the same shape and form and usually represents the Church rather than a symbol of Christ's suffering.It appears as a 'plus sign' in liturgical documents to indicate where the priest should make the Sign of the Cross. (For example "The peace + of the Lord be + always with + you.)"
According to the history of Orthodoxy, the first who came in the Greek territory to preach Christianity was Saint Paul in 49 AD. Although many people converted to Christianity in the centuries that followed, this didn't become an official religion until the Emperor Constantine the Great established Christianity as the official religion of the Byzantine Empire.
In 1054 AD, Christianity was divided in Eastern and Western Church, the Orthodox and the Catholics. This division was called "The Schism" and was the result of long disputes between the Pope of Rome and the Patriarch of Constantinople. The disputes referred to the celibacy of the clergy (Catholic priests had to remain unmarried, whereas the orthodox priests could marry before becoming ordained), receiving the Holy Communion and the wording of the Creed: for the Orthodox the Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father, whereas Rome added and the Son (filioque). However, the largest problem between the two Churches was the demand of the Pope to have full control over the Eastern Patriarchs (of Constantinople, of Alexandreia and of Antioche).
1.Christians believe in the Trinity - that is, in God as Father, Son and Holy Spirit.
2.Christians believe that God took human form as Jesus Christ and that God is present today through the work of the Holy Spirit and evident in the actions of believers.
Life after death
Christians believe that there is a life after earthly death.
Christian beliefs concerning God
• There is only one God
• God is a Trinity of Father, Son and Holy Spirit
• God is perfect
• God is omnipotent
• God is everywhere
• God knows everything
• God created the universe
• God keeps the universe going
• God intervenes in the universe
• God loves everyone unconditionally (though people have to comply with various conditions in order to achieve salvation)
• Human beings can get to know God through prayer, worship, love, and mystical experiences
• Human beings can get to know God through God's grace - that is through his love and his power
God the Son
• God lived on earth as Jesus
• Jesus was both wholly God and wholly human
• Jesus was born to a human woman, Mary, but conceived of the Holy Spirit
• Because Jesus was wholly human he was subject to pain, suffering, and sorrow like other human beings
• Jesus was executed by crucifixion but rose from the dead at the Resurrection
• Jesus's life provides a perfect example of how God wants people to live
• Jesus died on the Cross so that those who believe in him will be forgiven all their sins
1.Some confuse this and think that Christians believe in three separate gods, which they don't.
2. “Xmas” is a non-religious name / spelling for “Christmas”.