Symbol of Taoism:
In Chinese philosophy, the concept of yin yang, normally referred to in the West as (yin and yang) is used to describe how polar or seemingly contrary forces are interconnected and interdependent in the natural world, and how they give rise to each other in turn. Opposites thus only exist in relation to each other. The concept lies at the origins of many branches of classical Chinese science and philosophy, as well as being a primary guideline of traditional Chinese medicine, and a central principle of different forms of Chinese martial arts and exercise, such as baguazhang, taijiquan (tai chi), and qigong (Chi Kung) and of I Ching divination. Many natural dualities - e.g. dark and light, female and male, low and high, cold and hot - are thought of as manifestations of yin and yang (respectively)
Origin and History:
The impression that Lao Tzu founded Taoism about 2,500 years ago. There is some truth to this, as long as we are only talking about philosophical Taoism (Dao Jia) or religious Taoism (Dao Jiao). However, the one thing that most people do not realize is that both variants of Taoism came from a much older tradition, known to the Chinese simply as the Tao. It is not possible for Lao Tzu to be the founder of this ancient tradition for the simple reason that it began at least 2,300 years before his time.
Some scholars cite a man named Lao-tzu, also spelled Laozi, as the first to receive the inspiration of the Tao. However, not many agree on when he lived, with some even asserting he's not and never was an actual historical person. The fact that Lao-tzu actually just means 'old master' lends some credence to the idea that the guy was more of an ideal than an actual person.
Some of the beliefs that are especially fundamental to Taoism:
Ch'i is a fundamental concept in Chinese philosophy and culture.
Death and Afterlife
In Taoism, life and death are merely two aspects of reality, the unchanging Tao. Death is simply a transformation from being to non-being; from yang to yin.
The spiritual beings of primary importance in religious Taoism are the Immortals (Xian in Chinese).
Purpose of Life
The focus of most religious Taoism is attaining immortality.
The ultimate reality in Taoism is the Tao, or Way.
1.Tao (Dao) is a trans-religious and universal name for the sacred, and there are “Tao-ists”
(“Dao-ists”) who transcend the limitations of the Taoist religious tradition
2.Taoism consists of two forms, “philosophical Taoism” and “religious Taoism”∗
3.“Philosophical Daoism” is the original form of Daoism and is best understood as “philosophy” (disembodied thinking/way of thought)
4.Laozi wrote the Daode jing (Tao-te ching; Scripture on the Dao and Inner Power)
5.Daoists, or Dao-ists, are those who love the Dao and go with the flow.
6.Sexual yoga, including the search for multiple orgasms and the practice of sexual vampirism,